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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang urged the US gover

 government on Tuesday to consider the costs it would bear through raising tariffs.

He reiterated that China will never capitulate under any external pressure and hopes the US meets China halfway.

The US has no need to “worry about” China’s affairs, Geng said at a daily news conference. The country has made progress i

improving its foreign investment environment and has become a popular investment destination, he sa

id, citing the expansion of US-based Exxon Mobil Corp and Tesla Inc in the market last year.

Geng stressed that China welcomes foreign companies to increase investment in the market and will co

ntinue to establish a more stable, fair, transparent and predictable investment and business environment.

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Wang said the Sino-US trade talks have made important

and substantive progress thanks to efforts from both sides. Meanwhile the talks face some serious problems which need to be resolved.

The top diplomat said that as long as the negotiations meet the general direction of China’s reform an

d opening-up policy, adhere to China’s basic needs about high-quality development and serve the com

mon interests of the Chinese and US people, the negotiator teams from both sides could have the capability and w

isdom to settle their reasonable demands and eventually achieve a win-win agreement.

Wang said China insists on upholding national sovereignty, safeguarding the inter

ests of its people and defending national honor when negotiating with any country.

According to the General Administration of Customs, trade between

China and the US in the first four months stood at 1.1 trillion yuan ($160 billion).

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Perhaps most notably, the growth rate of women workers wa

s higher than men in new media operators and data analysts among the five professions, illustrating that burgeoning career opportunities and skill requ

irements are presenting an unprecedented advantage for women. That’s a change from the past, when women

normally had more household duties, especially in the era of universal two-child policy, he said.

Lu also said that the number of people engaged in human-centered job positions was growing faster than other rules.

“It implied that jobs requiring insights into people’s preferences and habits, such a

s marketing and human resources, are irreplaceable by machine intelligence so far,” Lu said.

A survey jointly conducted by research firm Trustdata and LinkedIn in April found career starters w

ere establishing their career goals earlier than past generations, exhibiting a stronger self-driven momentum.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants diern Medical Univers

Investigators criticize lax management, failure to control enterovirus outbreak

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been

removed from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before c

ontracting the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, w

hile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious because

of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

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Last year, there were 150 million people 60 years or abo

above living with chronic diseases in China. Of those, 44 million

were fully or partially disabled and in need of regular nursing services, she said.

“With more nurses and nurse’s aides, the demand for nursing services from the elderly will be gradually met,” she said.

The commission will also encourage community health centers to provide more nursin

g services for the elderly in neighborhoods, Jiao said. They would include more beds and setting up day-care centers.

Regulations will also be released to encourage community health centers to pro

vide beds to the elderly at home, so family doctors can provide treatment there, she said.

“The disabled, whether fully or partial, will be the priority in nursing services,” Jiao sa

id. “We will release a detailed standard for evaluating nursing services for the disabled elderly

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Nevertheless, it is difficult to separate cyclical elements

and external shocks from the long-term trend and to conclude that China’s potential growth rate really is 6-6.5 percent.

Many Chinese economists cite long-term supply-side structural factors-such as demographic agi

ng, environmental degradation, and a lack of progress on reform-to argue that China has simply en

tered a new stage of development, characterized by significantly lower potential growth rates.

Structural factors don’t explain falling growth rate

While this may be true-everyone in China agrees that 9-10 perce

nt annual growth rates are a thing of the past-there is no clear indication of how much Chin

a’s growth potential has actually declined. Long-term supply-side structural factors do not explain, for exam

ple, why the growth rate fell from 12.1 percent in the first quarter of 2010 to 7.4 percent in the third quarter of 2013.

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m are becoming increasingly fierce. We must

 adamantly safeguard the contemporary international order that was foun

ded by the UN and that brought about more than 70 years of general peace and rapid de

velopment after World War II. We must oppose a Cold War mentality and competitive rivalry, which go against the ti

de. We must firmly promote economic globalization, and prompt it to develop in a more inclusive, mutually beneficial, equ

itable and rational direction so as to realize a common prosperity and progress of humanity.

Third, we should be disseminators of Chinese civilization. Many pundits in the contemporary world think that China’s trad

itional culture contains important answers to resolving difficult problems of today’s world. A nation’s most profound spiritual

pursuits are deposited in its culture. China’s development path is rooted in its civilization and traditions.

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We should extract the essence of Chinese traditional cult

ulture, which has contemporary value and relevance to the modern world, and show it. In this way we can on the one hand

tell the world how and why China is what it is, and on the other have Chinese and other civilizations create benefits for mankind.

It is hoped that the Conference on Dialogue of A

he measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further

opening-up in China are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Overholt, senior

research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at t

he opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market access for foreign invest

ment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

sian Civilizations will make fresh contributions to the construction of the community of shared future for mankind.

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